Human Factors For Highway Engineers

Author: Ray Fuller
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080434126
Size: 18.85 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 80

Humans are highly mobile but at a price: over a million people are killed annually on the road, at least 30 times as many are injured, of whom 1 in 10 may be permanently disabled. How can we design a road or highway or transport system so as to provide both a high level of mobility and a high level of safety?For too long, from the perspective of the road user, highway engineers have had to employ their intuitions, personal experiences, shared 'know-how' and a 'wait-and-see' approach in many elements of highway design. Now the science of human behavior can provide both fundamental knowledge and principles to enable matching roadway and transport system design to human strengths, limitations and variability in performance; an understanding of human contributory factors in accidents; and the undertaking of informed safety audits and reviews.-- The first book ever to provide psychological knowledge and insight into human behavior on the road and how this can be integrated into highway engineering-- Discusses the use of human factors to improve road safety-- Demonstrates how highway design can increase safety and reduce risk

Human Factors Guidelines For Road Systems

Author: John L. Campbell
Publisher: Transportation Research Board
ISBN: 9780309258166
Size: 15.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 20

"This report completes and updates the first edition of NCHRP Report 600: Human Factors Guidelines for Road Systems (HFG), which was published previously in three collections. The HFG contains guidelines that provide human factors principles and findings for consideration by, and is a resource document for, highway designers, traffic engineers, and other safety practitioners."--Foreword.

Traffic And Highway Engineering

Author: Nicholas Garber
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133605157
Size: 10.51 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 26

The new edition of Garber and Hoel’s best-selling TRAFFIC AND HIGHWAY ENGINEERING focuses on giving students insight into all facets of traffic and highway engineering. Students generally come to this course with little knowledge or understanding of the importance of transportation, much less of the extensive career opportunities within the field. Transportation is an extremely broad field, and courses must either cover all transportation modes or focus on specifics. While many topics can be covered with a survey approach, this often lacks sufficient depth and students leave the course without a full understanding of any of the fields. This text focuses exclusively on traffic and highway engineering beginning with a discussion of the pivotal role transportation plays in our society, including employment opportunities, historical impact, and the impact of transportation on our daily lives. This approach gives students a sense of what the field is about as well as an opportunity to consider some of its challenges. Later chapters focus on specific issues facing transportation engineers. The text uses pedagogical tools such as worked problems, diagrams and tables, reference material, and realistic examples to demonstrate how the material is applied. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Handbook Of Highway Engineering

Author: T.F. Fwa
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420039504
Size: 19.33 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 15

Modern highway engineering reflects an integrated view of a road system's entire lifecycle, including any potential environmental impacts, and seeks to develop a sustainable infrastructure through careful planning and active management. This trend is not limited to developed nations, but is recognized across the globe. Edited by renowned authority T.F. Fwa, The Handbook of Highway Engineering provides a comprehensive, up-to-date treatment of all aspects of highway development and engineering. Its three sections range from consideration of socio-economic and environmental factors to design, construction, maintenance, and management. Beginning with financing, access management, environmental impacts, road safety, and noise, the book explores the expanded responsibilities of the modern highway engineer as well as the increasing trend toward privatization of project development and financing. The next section considers technical issues in highway and pavement engineering, including materials, new mechanistic-empirical design approaches, and new closed-form solutions for backcalculation as well as deflection and stress computation in multi-slab systems. Rounding out the discussion, the final section examines construction, management, performance evaluation including nondestructive testing, and a chapter devoted to highway asset management. Featuring contributions from eminent experts representing eight countries on four continents, The Handbook of Highway Engineering supplies all of the tools needed to manage the entire integrated process of modern highway development and engineering.

Human Factors Of Visual And Cognitive Performance In Driving

Author: Candida Castro
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 142005533X
Size: 16.76 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 80

Human error is involved in more than 90 percent of traffic accidents, and of those accidents, most are associated with visual distractions, or looking-but-failing-to-see errors. Human Factors of Visual and Cognitive Performance in Driving gathers knowledge from a human factors psychology standpoint and provides deeper insight into traffic -user behavior and the ways drivers acquire information from the road. Emphasizes Drivers as Visual Information Processors Because driving is an eyes-wide-open task, drivers are exposed to a multitude of visual stimuli along their journey. This information must be correctly processed in order to make the right decisions and perform precise safety maneuvers. With contributions from more than 20 leading experts, this detailed resource discusses road and markings design, new technologies, signage, distraction, safety, situation awareness, workload, driving experience, fatigue, and driving interventions with the goal of improving driving behavior and preventing accidents. Addresses These Key Areas: Visual attention and in-vehicle technologies Interventions to reduce road trauma Avoiding collisions and the failures involved in that endeavor Using jargon-free language that is easily understood, this book compresses research from the past few decades into one accessible resource. It clearly and cohesively provides ergonomics and human factor engineers, industrial designers, and highway and roadway engineers with an overarching understanding of the incessant visual demands drivers face.

Human Factors Guidelines For Road Systems

Author: John L. Campbell
Publisher: Transportation Research Board
ISBN: 9780309154697
Size: 12.17 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 40

NCHRP report 600 explores human factors principles and findings for consideration by highway designers and traffic engineers. The report is designed to help the nonexpert in human factors to consider more effectively the roadway user's capabilities and limitations in the design and operation of highway facilities.

The Human Factors Of Transport Signs

Author: Candida Castro
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203457412
Size: 17.98 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 46

The ubiquitous nature of transport signs on roadways, railways, and in airports can lead to an overload of visual information, yet little research has been done to understand the design and use of such signs from a driver’s perspective. The Human Factors of Transport Signs explores key transport sign research and examines new technologies that are revolutionizing signaling. While concentrating largely on the road environment and general signing issues, the authors also address specific railway and other transport modality topics. International contributors discuss driver psychology and interaction with transport signs as well as the strengths and weaknesses of different types of signs. This text is designed to be an easily-accessible information source for professionals in transportation design, highway engineering, applied psychology, and human factors, as well as for students preparing to enter these fields. Features: Summarizes the main findings about transport signs into an easily-accessible resource Covers transport signs in the road, rail, and aviation fields Reviews new technology in the field, including Variable Message Signs and Intelligent Transport Systems Discusses the main evidence detailing the interaction of transport signs and driver behavior